Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and it is showing great promise.
Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is exhibiting fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is doing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new procedure involves transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These mecholesterol patients need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body following the first transplant will give warning signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and frequently just black out which may be hazardous when driving or performing other essential tasks.
Islet cell transplantation cannot treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with just around 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.
The solution to this issue is to make islets in the lab making use of stems cells. There is certainly research going on using questionable embryonic stem cells and also stem cells taken from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway towards a cure is moving slowly and gradually. People who believe that life starts at conception strongly oppose embryonic stem cell research since the cells are derived from human embryos which are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and also have the greatest potential to become any type of cells inside the human body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Opponents for this research think that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the answer to this problem. But you’ll find studies which raise questions about the capability of these cells as therapies.
A current published study noted that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells obtained from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – these are typically called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be reproduced.
Although the research using stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists think that this research holds the most promise for success for diabetics as a way to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone naturally.
Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the fight to discover a cure for this serious disease.