How does smoking affect diabetes? This is a very fascinating subject and one by which any diabetic who smokes should learn all about.
Fundamentally, diabetes affects the blood system by constricting the small blood vessels within the circulation system. This affects each of the diabetes advice web organs of the body but appears to influence certain organs more vigorously especially the organs that depend upon the littlest blood vessels.
Smoking causes the constriction of blood vessels which can worsen the already constricting of the blood vessels triggered by the diabetes. So a diabetic should never smoke and if they are already smokers, they need to quit as fast as possible.
The kidneys are affected by diabetes as a result of damage which can be done to the small blood vessels that are required to filter the blood. This may harm the kidneys and also damage the kidneys so badly that they do not function.
Diabetics have complications with their feet. This is because of nerve damage in the feet as well as the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs. These two complications could cause a tiny cut to be incredibly infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can result in amputation of the foot or leg. Together with inadequate circulation, when there is a cut or any injury, there is not enough blood flowing towards the foot to combat the infection.
In the eyes of diabetics, an eye ailment called diabetic retinopathy can develop that can bring about bad vision and even blindness. This is because of narrowing of the blood vessels at the back of the eyes which get fragile and can lead to blood and fluid seeping in the retina from these weakened blood vessels. The retina is the area of the eye that delivers visual images into the brain.
Diabetes oral care is another vitally important part of management for those who have this long-term disease. Due to the issues with blood sugar, diabetics have a very high number of dental care problems. This is because the diabetes when not in check decreases the number of white blood cells in the blood to combat infections within the mouth.
There are various areas that create problems. One of these is the trouble of dry mouth caused by reduced saliva. This could cause tooth decay, mouth ulcers and also infections.
Another serious problem is gum disease commonly known as gingivitis and periodontitis. This is brought on by less white blood cells within the blood to fight infections plus the thickening of blood vessels that slows the flow of blood which conveys nutrients to the oral cavity and waste away from the oral cavity. Gum disease is due to infections of the gums so these may result in gum disease to be much more severe and harder to control in people who suffer from diabetes.
Addititionally there is the challenge of healing soon after any dental surgery or dental treatments because of the problem of the flow of blood to this area. .
How does smoking affect diabetes? By further constricting small blood vessels which are already narrowing by the diabetes itself.