Current stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is exhibiting me diabetes help fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently doing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These patients have to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body following the first transplant can provide warning signs once the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and often just black out which may be hazardous when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with just around 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue would be to make islets within the lab using stems cells. There is certainly research taking place using controversial embryonic stem cells together with stem cells taken from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving slowly and gradually. People who think that life starts at conception firmly battle embryonic stem cell research since the cells are derived from human embryos which are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells have not become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to grow to be any type of cells inside the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so on.

Opponents for this research think that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the solution to this challenge. But you will find studies which raise questions about the potential of these cells as therapies.A recently available published study revealed that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells extracted from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not been able to become reproduced.

Although the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists believe that this research holds the most promise for success for diabetics as a way to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone naturally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the struggle to find a remedy for this chronic disease.